Note: As used in this chart, “on motion” denotes admission without any additional testing except, where required, the MPRE.

Click anywhere in a row to see a summary of that jurisdiction’s answers.

Supplemental Remarks

Alabama  In addition to other requirements, reciprocity applicants must certify permanent residency in Alabama and/or the intention to conduct the primary practice of law in Alabama and maintain an office in the state.

Arizona  Must have held a law license in active status for 3 out of the 5 years immediately preceding application. If applicants meet requirements, there is a provision for practice pending admission on motion. Professorship recognition requires full-time law school professorship. Applicant may qualify by either 1) being admitted by bar examination in a reciprocal jurisdiction or 2) being admitted by bar examination in any US jurisdiction and thereafter were admitted to and engaged in the active practice of law in a reciprocal jurisdiction for 3 of the last 5 years while maintaining a law license in active status.

District of Columbia  Attorney who has been a member in good standing of the bar for 5 years; or attorney, with JD from ABA-approved law school, admitted by examination in jurisdiction, having attained 133 scaled MBE score in the jurisdiction in which attorney is admitted and 75 scaled MPRE score, can be admitted without examination.

Hawaii  Full-time faculty members at the University of Hawaii Law School who graduated from an ABA-approved law school and who have been admitted to practice in another US jurisdiction are eligible. In addition, full-time active-duty uniformed-service judge advocates may apply for limited admission without examination to represent, without additional compensation, certain active-duty enlisted military personnel and their dependents. Attorneys who are graduates of ABA-accredited law schools, actively licensed to practice law in another US jurisdiction, and employed by a civil legal service provider recognized by the IRS as a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization that is eligible to receive funds from the Indigent Legal Assistance Fund may apply for limited admission.

Iowa  Applicants who have failed 5 or more bar examinations are not eligible for admission on motion. Applicants who have failed the bar examination administered in Iowa within 5 years of the filing of their applications are not eligible for admission on motion.

Kentucky  Active engagement in the teaching of the law, to be considered as active engagement in the practice of law for purposes of admission on motion, is defined as full-time teaching at an ABA-accredited law school.

Maryland  Experienced attorneys licensed to practice in another US jurisdiction may be eligible for admission to the Bar of Maryland without examination. Admission without examination will be governed by Maryland Rules 19-215 and 19-216. Admission without examination pursuant to Rules 19-215 and 19-216 applies regardless of whether legal education is domestic or foreign.

New Jersey  Admission on motion for a plenary license was adopted on September 1, 2016. Limited licenses on motion include in-house counsel, military spouse, law school professor, and foreign in-house counsel registration. Please refer to the New Jersey Board of Bar Examiners’ website for specific requirements and fees.

New York  There is also a separate $375 attorney registration fee that must be paid prior to admission and every 2 years thereafter.

Oregon  Admission on motion is available only to attorneys who passed the bar exam of another US jurisdiction and are active members in a jurisdiction that allows attorneys licensed in Oregon to become regular members of the bar in that jurisdiction without passage of that jurisdiction’s bar examination.

Pennsylvania  An applicant must have graduated from a law school that was approved by the ABA at the time of the applicant’s matriculation or graduation.

South Carolina  Admission on motion only for dean or a tenured professor of the University of South Carolina School of Law or the Charleston School of Law.

Guam  Only government attorneys may be admitted temporarily without written examination and only for the purposes of government employment. Government attorneys applying for temporary admission must still undergo a character and fitness investigation. Attorneys admitted under this rule are only granted temporary admission for a maximum of 5 years.

Northern Mariana Islands  Government attorneys may be admitted temporarily without written examination and only for the purposes of government employment. Government attorneys applying for temporary admission must still undergo a character and fitness investigation. Attorneys admitted under this rule are only granted temporary admission for a maximum of 4 years.

Palau  Attorneys may be admitted pro hac vice for a fee of $1,000; or if employed by the government of Palau or any other government entity or Micronesian Legal Services Corporation, they may be admitted to practice for 4 years without taking the bar exam. The admission fee is $200.

Virgin Islands  Admission on motion for regular admissions was adopted on April 26, 2017. This is distinctly separate from limited licenses on motion (special admission) of authorized departments or agencies, where an attorney may be specially admitted to practice law before the Virgin Islands Supreme Court and the Superior Court, without written examination and as an employee of the department or agency. Once admitted, the specially admitted government attorney must take the Virgin Islands Bar Exam within 2 years and pass within 3 years; otherwise the special admission automatically expires.

Idaho  Motion applicants must have been substantially engaged in the active practice of law for length required in originating jurisdiction but no less than 3 of the past 5 years.

Massachusetts  Board requires proof that the applicant has been actively engaged in the practice of law for 5 out of the past 7 years immediately preceding the application.

Minnesota  Applicant must provide documentary evidence that the applicant was engaged in the lawful practice of law for at least 1,000 hours per year in at least 36 of the 60 months immediately preceding the application. The practice of law of professors, judicial law clerks whose primary responsibilities are legal research and writing, military lawyers, and federal government lawyers which takes place outside a state where licensed is considered the lawful practice of law. Practice which occurs outside of a jurisdiction where licensed is also considered the lawful practice of law so long as such practice is authorized by the jurisdiction in which the practice takes place.

Mississippi  Admission is contingent on not less than 5 years of active practice in a state or states with bar admission requirements equivalent to Mississippi, though requirements are more stringent if the jurisdiction from which the applicant comes has more stringent reciprocal admission requirements.

Nebraska  Motion applicants must have a qualifying UBE score within the last 3 years or have been substantially engaged in the practice of law
3 of the last 5 years.

New Hampshire  Lawyers from Maine and Vermont may be admitted after 3 years of practice; all other lawyers must have practiced 5 of past
7 years.

North Carolina  North Carolina allows for admission on motion for Military Spouse Comity Applicants. The applicant must be licensed in a state or territory of the United States or the District of Columbia and have been practicing actively and substantially for 4 out of the last 8 years. The ­application fee for Military Spouse Comity Applicants is $1,500.

Oklahoma  All accepted practice must be in a reciprocal state.

Vermont  5 of the preceding 10. 3 of the preceding 10 if the attorney has been admitted at least 6 months in a jurisdiction that requires fewer than 5 years of practice as condition for admission on motion by Vermont attorneys. For lawyers from Maine and New Hampshire, 3 years of active practice immediately preceding motion for admission.

Virginia  3 of the most recent 5 years. At least 5 years bar admission required.

West Virginia  Rules are silent as to whether in-house corporate experience qualifies as active practice of law.

Wisconsin  Applicants who failed the Wisconsin bar exam are not eligible for admission on motion.

Wyoming  Has engaged in the active, authorized practice of law for a minimum of 300 hours per year for 5 of 7 years immediately preceding the date of the application. The determination of whether an applicant satisfies the requirement will be made utilizing a 7-year look-back from the date the application is submitted.

Supplemental Remarks

Alabama  In addition to other requirements, reciprocity applicants must certify permanent residency in Alabama and/or the intention to conduct the primary practice of law in Alabama and maintain an office in the state.

Arizona  Must have held a law license in active status for 3 out of the 5 years immediately preceding application. If applicants meet requirements, there is a provision for practice pending admission on motion. Professorship recognition requires full-time law school professorship. Applicant may qualify by either 1) being admitted by bar examination in a reciprocal jurisdiction or 2) being admitted by bar examination in any US jurisdiction and thereafter were admitted to and engaged in the active practice of law in a reciprocal jurisdiction for 3 of the last 5 years while maintaining a law license in active status.

District of Columbia  Attorney who has been a member in good standing of the bar for 5 years; or attorney, with JD from ABA-approved law school, admitted by examination in jurisdiction, having attained 133 scaled MBE score in the jurisdiction in which attorney is admitted and 75 scaled MPRE score, can be admitted without examination.

Hawaii  Full-time faculty members at the University of Hawaii Law School who graduated from an ABA-approved law school and who have been admitted to practice in another US jurisdiction are eligible. In addition, full-time active-duty uniformed-service judge advocates may apply for limited admission without examination to represent, without additional compensation, certain active-duty enlisted military personnel and their dependents. Attorneys who are graduates of ABA-accredited law schools, actively licensed to practice law in another US jurisdiction, and employed by a civil legal service provider recognized by the IRS as a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization that is eligible to receive funds from the Indigent Legal Assistance Fund may apply for limited admission.

Iowa  Applicants who have failed 5 or more bar examinations are not eligible for admission on motion. Applicants who have failed the bar examination administered in Iowa within 5 years of the filing of their applications are not eligible for admission on motion.

Kentucky  Active engagement in the teaching of the law, to be considered as active engagement in the practice of law for purposes of admission on motion, is defined as full-time teaching at an ABA-accredited law school.

Maryland  Experienced attorneys licensed to practice in another US jurisdiction may be eligible for admission to the Bar of Maryland without examination. Admission without examination will be governed by Maryland Rules 19-215 and 19-216. Admission without examination pursuant to Rules 19-215 and 19-216 applies regardless of whether legal education is domestic or foreign.

New Jersey  Admission on motion for a plenary license was adopted on September 1, 2016. Limited licenses on motion include in-house counsel, military spouse, law school professor, and foreign in-house counsel registration. Please refer to the New Jersey Board of Bar Examiners’ website for specific requirements and fees.

New York  There is also a separate $375 attorney registration fee that must be paid prior to admission and every 2 years thereafter.

Oregon  Admission on motion is available only to attorneys who passed the bar exam of another US jurisdiction and are active members in a jurisdiction that allows attorneys licensed in Oregon to become regular members of the bar in that jurisdiction without passage of that jurisdiction’s bar examination.

Pennsylvania  An applicant must have graduated from a law school that was approved by the ABA at the time of the applicant’s matriculation or graduation.

South Carolina  Admission on motion only for dean or a tenured professor of the University of South Carolina School of Law or the Charleston School of Law.

Guam  Only government attorneys may be admitted temporarily without written examination and only for the purposes of government employment. Government attorneys applying for temporary admission must still undergo a character and fitness investigation. Attorneys admitted under this rule are only granted temporary admission for a maximum of 5 years.

Northern Mariana Islands  Government attorneys may be admitted temporarily without written examination and only for the purposes of government employment. Government attorneys applying for temporary admission must still undergo a character and fitness investigation. Attorneys admitted under this rule are only granted temporary admission for a maximum of 4 years.

Palau  Attorneys may be admitted pro hac vice for a fee of $1,000; or if employed by the government of Palau or any other government entity or Micronesian Legal Services Corporation, they may be admitted to practice for 4 years without taking the bar exam. The admission fee is $200.

Virgin Islands  Admission on motion for regular admissions was adopted on April 26, 2017. This is distinctly separate from limited licenses on motion (special admission) of authorized departments or agencies, where an attorney may be specially admitted to practice law before the Virgin Islands Supreme Court and the Superior Court, without written examination and as an employee of the department or agency. Once admitted, the specially admitted government attorney must take the Virgin Islands Bar Exam within 2 years and pass within 3 years; otherwise the special admission automatically expires.

Idaho  Motion applicants must have been substantially engaged in the active practice of law for length required in originating jurisdiction but no less than 3 of the past 5 years.

Massachusetts  Board requires proof that the applicant has been actively engaged in the practice of law for 5 out of the past 7 years immediately preceding the application.

Minnesota  Applicant must provide documentary evidence that the applicant was engaged in the lawful practice of law for at least 1,000 hours per year in at least 36 of the 60 months immediately preceding the application. The practice of law of professors, judicial law clerks whose primary responsibilities are legal research and writing, military lawyers, and federal government lawyers which takes place outside a state where licensed is considered the lawful practice of law. Practice which occurs outside of a jurisdiction where licensed is also considered the lawful practice of law so long as such practice is authorized by the jurisdiction in which the practice takes place.

Mississippi  Admission is contingent on not less than 5 years of active practice in a state or states with bar admission requirements equivalent to Mississippi, though requirements are more stringent if the jurisdiction from which the applicant comes has more stringent reciprocal admission requirements.

Nebraska  Motion applicants must have a qualifying UBE score within the last 3 years or have been substantially engaged in the practice of law
3 of the last 5 years.

New Hampshire  Lawyers from Maine and Vermont may be admitted after 3 years of practice; all other lawyers must have practiced 5 of past
7 years.

North Carolina  North Carolina allows for admission on motion for Military Spouse Comity Applicants. The applicant must be licensed in a state or territory of the United States or the District of Columbia and have been practicing actively and substantially for 4 out of the last 8 years. The ­application fee for Military Spouse Comity Applicants is $1,500.

Oklahoma  All accepted practice must be in a reciprocal state.

Vermont  5 of the preceding 10. 3 of the preceding 10 if the attorney has been admitted at least 6 months in a jurisdiction that requires fewer than 5 years of practice as condition for admission on motion by Vermont attorneys. For lawyers from Maine and New Hampshire, 3 years of active practice immediately preceding motion for admission.

Virginia  3 of the most recent 5 years. At least 5 years bar admission required.

West Virginia  Rules are silent as to whether in-house corporate experience qualifies as active practice of law.

Wisconsin  Applicants who failed the Wisconsin bar exam are not eligible for admission on motion.

Wyoming  Has engaged in the active, authorized practice of law for a minimum of 300 hours per year for 5 of 7 years immediately preceding the date of the application. The determination of whether an applicant satisfies the requirement will be made utilizing a 7-year look-back from the date the application is submitted.